Q: Will birth control (the daily pill) hurt my chances of getting pregnant in the future when I decide to have children?
A: Thankfully, studies show that being on oral contraceptives or any type of hormone-based birth control does not hinder a woman's chances of becoming pregnant later on in life. Birth control simply keeps a woman's estrogen and progesterone levels in a balanced state, so that they cannot fluctuate. This stops a woman from ovulating and building up an endometrium (the lining of the uterus that allows a fertilized egg to implant), because these processes are started by spikes in estrogen and progesterone.
Birth control has actually been shown to have many health benefits for women, such as lessened menstrual cramping, PMS symptoms, acne, and a decreased chance of uterine cancers later in life. The only known health risk of taking birth control is blood clotting, which is only a risk-factor for women who are age 35 or older and who smoke regularly. So, if you're not an older woman who smokes, there's nothing to worry about when taking birth control.
Answers provided by Dr. Ross Avilla
Dr. Ross Avilla has been teaching Human Sexuality since 2013 and has a PhD in psychology from UC Davis. Dr. Avilla is not a clinician and all information and advice offered on this website is for educational purposes only.